In this sector, AICS is committed to improving the country's infrastructure through a cross-sectorial strategy (informal settlements, education, health, water sector and waste management). Among the main programs that see the Italian involvement, there are:
- Debt Swapt Program. Known as KIDDP (Kenya Italy Debt for Development Program) and launched in January 2007, it represents a best practice for Kenya in the field of cooperation between the two countries and is aimed at converting part of the debt contracted by the Government of Kenya into development projects towards the Italian Government. The total value of the debt subject to the conversion procedure amounts to 42,913,028.56 euros and 1,364,282.07 US dollars on a total of 126 initiatives. The resources made available by the Program are aimed at supporting the country in its economic growth, in accordance with national policies to combat water scarcity, health, education and urban development sectors, for a period of ten years. In the water sector, the program has mobilized € 27 million to support interventions aimed at increasing the availability and access to drinking water sources, financing 55 projects up to now, especially located in the arid and semi-arid areas of the country. The construction of new water systems was supported (water intakes or underground springs, purification plants, cisterns and upgrading of existing plants) in order to distribute water even in areas without access, and the already existing structures were modernized, reaching an estimated population of 450,000 people in total.
- KISRP Kenyan Informal Settlements Regeneration Program. The Regeneration program of informal settlements in Kenya, approved in November 2021 by the Joint Committee, resumes the planning and management approach consolidated through the more than ten years of the Kenya-Italy debt conversion program. The initiative aims to improve access to basic services inside and outside the informal settlements of the target counties, promoting their economic development and security. This is a pilot initiative that can be replicated in other counties. The three main axes of intervention are i) the organization of the communities of residents of the three slums, ii) the reconnaissance and stacking of the land on which the settlements stand and iii) the requalification and construction of infrastructures that can improve traffic and access to citizen services.
- Kajiado Integrated Sustainable Waste Management - KISWAM. The project involves the closure of the illegal Ngong landfill and the construction of a new and modern landfill, with an innovative system for the collection and treatment of solid urban waste with a "waste-to-energy" system for the recovery and use of biogas.